Journal of Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, July, 2009
Source Analysis of Alpha Rhythm Reactivity Using LORETA Imaging With 64-Channel EEG and Individual MRI
E.R. Cuspineda, C. Machado, T. Virues, E. Martínez-Montes, A. Ojeda, P.A. Valdés, J. Bosch and L. Valdes
Conventional EEG and quantitative EEG visual stimuli (close-open eyes) reactivity analysis have shown their usefulness in clinical practice; however studies at the level of EEG generators are limited. The focus of the study was visual reactivity of cortical resources in healthy subjects and in a stroke patient.
The 64 channel EEG and T1 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies were obtained from 32 healthy subjects and a middle cerebral artery stroke patient. Low Resolution Electromagnetic Tomography (LORETA) was used to estimate EEG sources for both close eyes (CE) vs. open eyes (OE) conditions using individual MRI. The t-test was performed between source spectra of the two conditions. Thresholds for statistically significant t values were estimated by the local false discovery rate (lfdr) method. The Z transform was used to quantify the differences in cortical reactivity between the patient and healthy subjects.
Closed-open eyes alpha reactivity sources were found mainly in posterior regions (occipito-parietal zones), extended in some cases to anterior and thalamic regions. Significant cortical reactivity sources were found in frequencies different from alpha (lower t-values). Significant changes at EEG reactivity sources were evident in the damaged brain hemisphere. Reactivity changes were also found in the “healthy” hemisphere when compared with the normal population.
In conclusion, our study of brain sources of EEG alpha reactivity provides information that is not evident in the usual topographic analysis.